Migraine Resources and Clinical Trials on Migraine Headaches
Migraine headaches are very common and can be debilitating. They are characterized by pulsating pain that is localized to one side of the head. Often, these headaches are also light and noise sensitive. The headache is also frequently accompanied by nausea, trembling or vomiting.
Migraines can last anywhere from an hour to several days and cause serious disturbance in the sufferer's ability to function normally.
A number of things can trigger a migraine including: alcohol, environmental factors such as temperature or pressure changes, foods such as monosodium glutamate (MSG) or caffeine, hormonal changes, hunger or lack of sleep. They are most commonly triggered by stress.
In some cases, migraine sufferers experience a warning sign such as a visual disturbance, ringing sound or particular feeling before the migraine begins and this is called an aura.
Treatment is available for migraines. Unfortunately, many people never seek medical help and simply suffer through these severe headaches. Often, over-the-counter pain medication is not sufficient to treat a migraine. Specific prescription medications called triptans are the most effective for severe migraine pain.